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Autism Awareness: Understanding and Supporting Individuals with Autism

Child wearing HazeyBoo Be Kind Autism Awareness T-Shirt
HazeyBoo Be Kind Autism Awareness T-Shirt

The Importance of Autism Awareness

In recent years, there has been a growing awareness and understanding of autism, a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects individuals in unique ways. As a society, it is crucial for us to educate ourselves about autism and learn how to provide the necessary support and acceptance for those who have it. In this article, we will explore what autism is, discuss the early signs and symptoms to look out for, highlight the distinction between autism and Asperger's disorder, and provide valuable insights on supporting individuals with autism.

What is Autism?

Autism, or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a complex developmental disorder characterized by difficulties in social interaction, communication challenges, and restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviour. It is a spectrum disorder, which means that individuals may present with a wide range of strengths and challenges. Some individuals with autism are nonverbal, while others may have average or above-average intelligence.

Early Signs of Autism: What to Look For

Identifying the early signs of autism can play a crucial role in ensuring early intervention and support. While each individual with autism is unique, there are certain common signs that parents and caregivers can look out for. These signs may include:

  1. Delayed speech or language skills: Children with autism may exhibit a delay in spoken language development or have difficulty expressing their needs and wants.

  2. Lack of social interaction: Difficulty in engaging with others, making eye contact, or responding to social cues may be early indicators of autism.

  3. Repetitive behaviours: Autistic individuals often engage in repetitive behaviours such as hand flapping, rocking, or repeating certain words or phrases.

  4. Rigidity and resistance to change: Individuals with autism may struggle with transitions, prefer routines, and become upset by changes in their environment.

  5. Sensory sensitivities: Sensory sensitivities, such as being overly sensitive to certain sounds, lights, or textures, is common among individuals with autism. Early intervention is key in supporting children with autism. If any of these signs are observed, it is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional who specializes in autism.

Symptoms of Autism: Understanding the Challenges

Autism can present various symptoms that affect an individual's daily life. Some common symptoms include:

  1. Communication difficulties: Individuals with autism may have difficulty understanding and using verbal and non-verbal communication, such as gestures and facial expressions.

  2. Social challenges: Building and maintaining relationships, understanding social norms, and interpreting social cues can be challenging for individuals with autism.

  3. Restricted interests: Autistic individuals often exhibit intense and focused interests, sometimes to the exclusion of other activities or topics.

  4. Sensory sensitivities: Sensory sensitivities can make certain environments or stimuli overwhelming for individuals with autism, leading to stress or anxiety.

  5. Emotional regulation difficulties: Some individuals with autism may struggle with managing their emotions and coping with changes or unexpected situations. It is important to remember that each person on the autism spectrum is unique, and their symptoms and challenges may vary. Understanding and accepting these differences is crucial in providing the support they need.

Autism vs. Asperger's Disorder: Differentiating the Two

Autism and Asperger's disorder are both part of the autism spectrum, sharing many similarities. However, there are some key distinctions between the two. Asperger's disorder is often characterized by:

  • Normal language development: Individuals with Asperger's disorder generally do not have significant delays in language development.

  • High cognitive abilities: Individuals with Asperger's disorder often have average or above-average intelligence and may excel in certain areas of interest.

  • Social challenges: While individuals with Asperger's disorder struggle with social interactions, they may show a greater desire for social engagement compared to those with autism.

It is crucial to understand these differences, as they can help in tailoring support strategies to meet the specific needs and strengths of individuals with autism or Asperger's disorder.

Supporting Individuals with Autism: Tips and Strategies

Supporting a child or person with autism requires patience, understanding, and a tailored approach. Here are some tips and strategies:

  1. Create a structured environment: Establishing routines and providing a predictable environment can help individuals with autism feel secure and supported.

  2. Use visual supports: Visual aids, such as visual schedules and cues, can assist in communication and understanding expectations.

  3. Practice clear and concise communication: Use simple language and visual gestures to enhance comprehension. Give individuals time to process information and respond.

  4. Encourage social skills development: Provide opportunities for social interactions, such as playdates or social skills groups, while respecting individual boundaries.

  5. Promote sensory-friendly environments: Minimize sensory overload by creating calming spaces and reducing excessive noise or stimuli.

By implementing these strategies and embracing a person-centred approach, we can make a positive impact on the lives of individuals with autism.


Autism awareness is vital for fostering inclusivity and providing appropriate support to individuals with autism. By understanding what autism is, recognizing the early signs and symptoms, differentiating between autism and Asperger's disorder, and implementing supportive strategies, we can create a more inclusive society where individuals with autism can thrive and reach their full potential. Let us strive for greater acceptance, empathy, and understanding towards all individuals on the autism spectrum.

Each individual with autism is different, they are unique and may not tick all the boxes that some doctors assess them with. There a many different supports out there for not only the individual with Autism, but also their family too. Becoming educated about autism is a great step to helping the individual become more comfortable around you and it allows you to in some way understand what they may be thinking or experiencing.

Support Available:

Explore Wellbeing runs programmes called Learning Together. They have programmes for families with children aged between 0-5, 6-9, and 10-15 years old. They also have parent support groups to help as well.

Autism Altogether is a free, nationwide autism information and advisory service. They are funded by Whaikaha | Ministry of Disabled People in partnership between Your Way | Kia Roha and Parent to Parent New Zealand

Autism NZ provides services and support, education and information on autism for autistic people and family/whānau, caregivers, and professionals who engage with them.

Autistic Self Advocacy Network is an Inclusive and equitable service that can only be developed when stakeholders contribute positively towards promoting their well-being and connectedness to society.

Parent2Parent is an organisation that empowers families and whānau of people with disabilities and health impairments through support and information.

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