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Down Syndrome Awareness: Understanding and Supporting Individuals with Down Syndrome

Updated: Mar 13

Down Syndrome Awareness

Down Syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects approximately 1 in every 700 births. It is caused by the presence of an extra copy of chromosome 21, resulting in physical and intellectual disabilities. In this article, we will delve into what Down Syndrome is, explore ways to support individuals with this condition and raise awareness about the importance of understanding and acceptance.

Child wearing HazeyBoo Down Syndrome Dinosaur T-shirt
HazeyBoo Down Syndrome Dinosaur T-shirt

What is Down Syndrome?

Down Syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, is a chromosomal disorder that affects the physical and intellectual development of individuals. It is characterized by certain facial features, such as almond-shaped eyes, a flat nasal bridge, and a smaller mouth. Additionally, people with Down Syndrome often have a range of developmental delays and intellectual disabilities. However, it is crucial to remember that each person with Down Syndrome is unique, and their abilities and challenges may vary greatly.

How can I support a child or person with Down Syndrome?

Supporting individuals with Down Syndrome requires understanding, empathy, and inclusivity. By following these guidelines, you can make a positive impact in their lives:

1. Educate Yourself

Start by learning more about Down Syndrome. Understand the challenges and strengths individuals with this condition possess. Educate yourself on the various resources, therapies, and assistance programs available for them. Expand your knowledge to break down societal barriers and misconceptions surrounding Down Syndrome.

2. Foster Inclusivity

Inclusive practices play a crucial role in supporting individuals with Down Syndrome. Encourage inclusion within schools, workplaces, and community organizations. By creating an inclusive environment, you help promote equal opportunities and allow individuals with Down Syndrome to thrive and reach their full potential.

3. Promote Independence

Recognize and encourage the independence of individuals with Down Syndrome. Provide them with appropriate support and opportunities to engage in daily activities, develop life skills, and pursue their passions. By empowering their independence, you foster their self-esteem and overall well-being.

4. Celebrate Their Achievements

Acknowledging the achievements and milestones of individuals with Down Syndrome is essential. Celebrate their successes, whether big or small, as it contributes to their sense of accomplishment and boosts their confidence. Emphasize their abilities instead of focusing solely on their disabilities.

5. Support Down Syndrome Organizations

Supporting Down Syndrome organizations is a powerful way to contribute to the community. Donate your time, resources, or funds to local or national organizations that aim to provide specialized education, therapy, and support services for individuals with Down Syndrome and their families.

6. Be Inclusive in Language and Interaction

Be mindful of the language you use when referring to individuals with Down Syndrome. Avoid derogatory terms or offensive language. Treat individuals with Down Syndrome as equals and engage in respectful conversations. Use positive and inclusive language that promotes their identity and supports their growth.

7. Encourage Social Interactions

Encourage individuals with Down Syndrome to engage in social activities and build relationships. Foster connections within the community by facilitating opportunities for social interactions with peers and individuals without disabilities. Inclusion and acceptance from others play a vital role in their emotional well-being.


Down Syndrome is a condition that affects individuals in unique ways. By understanding the challenges and strengths associated with this disorder and providing support, inclusion, and acceptance, we can foster a more inclusive society. Let us strive to create an environment that celebrates the abilities and achievements of individuals with Down Syndrome, enabling them to lead fulfilling lives with dignity and respect.

Support Available

New Zealand Down Syndrome Association provides support, informs and advocates alongside people with Down syndrome, families, whānau and professionals. The NZDSA works towards the vision that people with Down syndrome are respected, valued and equal members of their community fulfilling their potential and aspirations.

Upside Downs Trust believe that every child with Down syndrome should have the tools to develop their communication, confidence and independence, and the right to participate fully in society.


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